Africa is often referred as the land of hunger, poverty, malnutrition, undemocratic institutions and a continent that can only depend on international aids. This misrepresentation of facts and negative publicity has led many people around the globe to underrate Africa and fail to appreciate the strengths and potential of the continent and her people.
Some countries like Uganda, for example, are self-reliant in feeding her citizens and can even export to her neighbours and other parts of the world due to her high food production.
Uganda is a country located in the East African region and is fondly referred to as ‘the pearl of Africa’ It has fertile land for farming and lies along the Equator thus having a favourable weather for food production. The country’s agricultural potent is high enough to qualify for the best food producer in Africa. Its southern part has two rainy seasons annually while its northern part receives rains once per year. This favours the south production rate as compared to its other parts.
This country is small but adequately rich in food production, it is totally reliant on its own fields, not to mention the Lake Victoria‘s fresh fish giving its aqua agriculture mesmerizing results as well as cattle farming for milk and beef production. Uganda’s food is popular for its banana related meals. Take for example “matoke” a popular meal prepared using bananas as its primary ingredient, most loved by Ugandans and now, Kikuyus, a major tribe in Kenya.
Uganda is also the best in traditional food products such as sweet potatoes, cassava and cereals. Sunflower and cotton coming secondary in production filling the imbalance in trade although food products like rice and wheat are imported to cater for the urban population. Most surrounding economies like Kenya itself engage in direct trade with Uganda to increase their mutual relationships.
The traditional cash crops like coffee, tea and tobacco, are the main dominators of Uganda’s exports, coffee being the principal export crop. The non-traditional products like fish, maize, hides and skins have jogged in to contribute to the export earnings. Nonetheless, agricultural sector remains the backbone of Uganda’s economy as its source of livelihood and employment over approximately 70 percent of its population.