The famous Arab uprising or revolution that swept across Northern African countries and some of their counterparts in the Middle East led to a lot of deaths, displacement and political instability across the region.
In Egypt, the revolution in 2011 literally turned on the state’s expectations. Demands reigned against the then president Hosni Mubarak‘s power by protests against his long rule of about three decades. Mubarak`s supposed announcement to skip presidential elections in September of that year didn’t work to his expectations to restore peace and contain the protests. This led to his stepping down as president handing power to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces who through Mohammed Hussein, led the military to ruling for six months to the elections.
Despite Mubarak’s stepping down, protesters took him to court for complicity to premeditated murder, which gave rise to constant street camping, marching and more protests in Egypt‘s main cities of Cairo, Alexandria and a few major cities, which got used to daily touring by protestors, becoming what many referred to as ‘war zone’.
Soon after the elections of 2012 in which Mohammed Morsi was elected as the president, the protests began. The new president who had links with the Muslim Brotherhood group, issued a constitutional declaration granting himself unparalleled powers and the ability to legislate without judicial review. This irked the Egyptians and they resulted to protests and demonstrations against Morsi as was the case with Mubarak before. This forced army chief Generalese protests were a blow to his government and was deposed by General Abdel Fattah El-Sisi to lead a coalition to remove Morsi from power and suspend the constitution.
Mubarak out of state power ushered anticipation for democracy in voting and freedom, instead, five years later, Egyptians are in the most uncertain and the repressive modern history of their lives. Now, thousands of Isla mists and other activists are languishing in jail for more than any period during Mubarak`s reign. Others die brutally shot on the streets. Citizens lack the freedom they were expectant of; police have increased torture and hostile treatment, forcing sudden disappearances and arbitrary arrests.
Sisi’s government has recently seen a rise of an Islamic state affiliate that asserted responsibility for the bombing of a Russian airline that killed 224 persons last year. Attacks on the minority Christians and their churches have increased and the so many hopeful activists are the most affected following bans from travelling; things turned out terrible.