The Democratic Republic of Congo is considerably the wealthiest in the planet in terms of the natural resources. The natural resources found in DR Congo include diamonds, gold, coltan, uranium, tin, copper, cobalt, oil and tungsten. This makes DRC potentially one of the richest countries in the world, yet, majority of Congolese are unable to meet good health and food needs and access to decent education system so far. This face of poverty is evident in both the rural and urban areas of the country. It is more of perceptible social phenomena and has become a reflection on a growing crisis. The nation ironically is one of the poorest and most underdeveloped nations in the planet following a substantial depreciation from colonialism, slavery and corruption.
Besides the natural extracts, Congo is also a wide producer of agricultural resources including mangoes, oranges, guavas, papaya, mangos teens, avocados and bananas. Cassava tops the most grown cash crop in the country. Groundnuts and peanuts grow in other regions along with cash crops like coffee, tobacco, sugarcane and cocoa. Congo gets rubber from rubber trees and palm oils from kernels of palm trees. Besides trees, which are mostly hard wood exported to her neighbours, maize and rice also contribute to the much vast wealth in the country. All these resources are available in the DRC despite the fact that only a small percentage of its land is utilised.
The exploitation of the vast resources in Congo reflects poor governance under president Mobutu. It is such a pity that after 55 years of independence, Congo is still majorly poor despite its wealth. The country has experienced inflation, budget deficits, public debts, and an overboard level of recorded corruption that has affected all sectors of the economy. Ironically, the nation’s resources have been valued to 24 trillion dollars, which is equivalent to the gross domestic product (GDP) of Europe and United States combined. That is quite a figure for such a small nation, which ironically is ranked as one of the poorest countries in the world.